Because of something called cases, it can be difficult to construct useful phrases in Russian. However, if you’re willing to allow some minor grammatical mistakes in your communications, then there’s a host of useful Russian phrases you can create, using the fill-in-the-blank method below.
Before getting started, it should be pointed out that the only correct spelling of a Russian word is with the Russian (Cyrillic) alphabet. Since I will be using only English letters in this article, I will be giving two different spellings: The first will help with pronounciation, where capital letters indicate emphasis, and the second version will show the more common, simplified written form. Ready? Let’s get started:
Phrase #1: Do you like______ ?
Phonetic spelling: TibYEAH NRAHveetsa ________ ?
Usually written: Tebe nravitsa ________ ?
Literally: To you is pleasing _______ ?
Example: Tebe nravitsa chocolate? (To you is pleasing chocolate?)
Phrase #2: I like ________ .
Phonetic spelling: minYEAH NRAHveetsa ________ .
Usually written: Mne nravitsa ________ .
Literally: To me is pleasing _______ .
Example: Mne nravitsa pizza. (To me is pleasing pizza.)
Phrase #3: Where is ________ located?
Phonetic spelling: GihDYEAH naKHOdeetsa _______ ?
Usually written: Gde naxoditsa ________ ?
Literally: Where is located _______ ?
Example: Gde naxoditsa toilet? (Where is located the toilet?)
Phrase #4: How old are you?
Phonetic spelling: SKOILka tihBYEAH lyet?
Usually written:skolko tebe let?
Literally: How many to you years?
Phrase #5: I am ____ years old.
Phonetic spelling: minYEAH ____ lyet.
Usually written: mne ____ let.
Literally: To me ____ years.
Example: Mne 40 let. (To me 40 years.)
Phrase #6: I want _____ .
Phonetic spelling: Ya khaCHU ____ .
Usually written: ya xochu _____ .
Literally: I want _____ .
Example: Ya xochu soup. (I want soup.)
Phrase #7: D you want _____ ?
Phonetic spelling: Tee KHOchish _____ ?
Usually written: Ti xochish _____?
Literally: You want _____ ?
Example: Ti xochish coffee? (You want coffee?)
Phrase #8: What do you do?
Phonetic spelling: chem tee zahniMAIeshsya?
Usually written: chem ti zanimaeshsya?
Literally: With what do you occupy yourself?
Phrase #9: I spend my time doing _______ . [NOTE: This is in answer to the question above.]
Phonetic spelling: ya zahniMAHyous ________om.
Usually written: ya zanimayus _____om.
Literally: I occupy myself with _____ .
Example: Ya zanimayus sportom. (I spend my time playing sports.)
Example: Ya zanimayus businessom. (I spend my time doing business.)
Phrase #10: I live in ________ .
Phonetic spelling: Ya zhiVU v ______ .
Usually written: ya zhivu v ______ .
Literally: I live in ______ .
Example: Ya zhivu v America. (I live in America.)
As I mentioned, there are plenty of grammatical mistakes in these constructions, but you will absolutely be understood by native Russian speakers, and you will certainly find these phrases useful at some point.